Group 3: Counting

Linear Counting (Group 3) Introduction The names of the numbers are introduced in Group 1 with the ‘Formation of Numbers’ when the Director checks the correspondence of the quantities with the card, she uses the conventional names for the tens and combinations of tens and units. As the child works with the decimal system she

Group 4: Memorisation of Tables

Exploration and Memorisation of Numbers – (Group IV) These exercises aim to help the child with basic operation, preparing for Mental Mathematics.  This group can come after the Decimal System (Group II), parallel to Linear Counting (Group III) or before it.  The child must have acquired the ability to make dynamic shifts and have the

Group 5: Towards Abstraction

Passage to Abstraction – (Group V)  Since beginning Mathematics as a sensorial exploration of Multiples of Variables and Groups, the child has handled successively more abstract representations of quantity using the Golden Beads, Stamps and Dots.  She has applied the operations to these representations of quantities, manipulating them to perform dynamic shifts from one category

Group 6: Fractions

Fractions Material Description: Ten green frames each with a circular red inset – one inset is whole, the others are divided into equal parts, each part having a knob Printed slips – one set with symbols of fractions, another with labels for common denominators A set of questions for the operations Working Mat and felt

Why Elementary Movements?

An Introduction to Elementary Movements Receiving your children The infant arrives in the Children’s Home having already seen the Elementary Movements performed countless times at home by her family, but performed inconsistently, hurriedly and whilst many other activities are happening.  The performance of Elementary Movements by the Directress gives the opportunity for the infant to

Materials for Touch

Smooth and Rough Boards The tactile sense is used, especially by very young children to establish contact with the world, when the child enters the Children’s Hose the tactile sense is waining, becoming less urgent so it is important to establish contact between the child and the material early on.  The fingertips are vital receptors

Thermic Tablets

Material Description: Material used to sensitise the hands Pairs of tablets made with different substances which vary by their ability to conduct heat e.g. wood, felt, cork, glass, marble, slate and iron.  All the squares are alike in size and each pair is made of the same colour Blindfold Note: Firstly, the hands are sensitised

Thermic Bottles

Material Description: Eight small receptacles, preferably thermos flasks or bottles in jackets, containing water at various temperatures: Two should be at body temperature, marked with a pink dot Two should be ten degrees Celsius warmer Two should be ten degrees Celsius cooler Two should be twenty degrees Celsius cooler Note: The bottles should be prepared

The Colour Tablets

Material Description: Box 1: A box containing six tablets made of lightweight wood, one pair of each of the primary colours, red, blue and yellow Box 2: A box containing twenty-two tablets, one of each pair of the primary colours (red, blue and yellow) the secondary colours (orange, purple and green) the tertiary colours (pink,

Tasting Bottles

Material Description: Eight little jars with droppers, with pairs of bottles containing various substances with distinct tastes; two contain saline solution, two sweetened lemon juice, two plain lemon juice and two a solution of bitter aloes.  Each set is distinguished from the other by a colour coded top.  Four small glasses and two spoons, a

Stereognostic Materials

Stereognostic Bag Material Description: A box or bag with twenty-four small prisms of two types; twelve identical cubes and twelve identical rectangular prisms.  A blindfold. Presentation: Introduction Bring the bag to the table or chowki and take out one of either prism.  Inspect it closely; it’s faces, vertices and vertices with the whole hand and

Sound Boxes

Material Description: Two boxes each containing six cylinders: one set red, one set blue.  Each cylinder has a small quantity of beads (or other materials) inside.  The typeof the material inside the boxes varies with each pair; when they are shaken a different sound is created.  The sounds must be graded from loud to very

Smelling Bottles or Boxes

Material Description: Pairs of bottles containing various substances with distinct odours, such as spices, herbs and essential oils.  There are four sets with three pairs of bottles in each, the first pair contain contrasting smells – one each from the fields of cooking (e.g. herbs and spices), medicine (e.g. tiger balm, Salon, Vics, Dettol, eucalyptus

Small Insets

Material Description: Ten square green frames each containing red squares or triangles formed by dividing a  square vertically, horizontally and diagonally.  Each shape has a central knob to hold the inset by. On the first shelf are the horizontally and vertically divided insets; The first is a ‘whole’ square The second a square vertically ‘halved’


World of Man (History) Like Geography, this is a point of departure for language and to add variety and further Sensorial experience.  History shows how life was lived at different times, while Geography shows life in different regions.  We present facts through artefacts and language.  The transformation from Geography to History is accomplished through the

Art and Handicraft – making and appreicating

Art and Handicraft In the Children’s House creating is a preparation, as the child develops her understanding and language she seeks to express herself if given the necessary freedom.  Mental and manual abilities prepare the child for art and craft alongside language, giving her the ability to create.  “Art” is understood to be the human

Knobless Cylinders

This is one of the last sensorial materials to be presented since it is not specifically to discriminate dimensions but a way to discover the relationships between cylinders of the four series Material Description: Four boxes each containing a set of cylinders with the dimensions of the four cylinder blocks. Each set is a specific

Graded Geometrical Figures

Material Description: Three boxes each with three compartments; Three sets of equilateral triangles in red, blue and orange, graded with sides measuring from one to ten centimetres Three sets of squares in red, blue and orange, graded with sides measuring from one to ten centimetres Three sets of circles in red, blue and orange, graded

Using Sensorial Materials to develop language

What are the File Drawings? We compile set of Botany file drawings as a reference for ourselves, to help produce Materials Leaf Folder Classifying Cards Folders Booklets Teacher trainees have a reference book with pictures, terms and the type of numbering to use. Nomenclature Cards enlarge the child’s Scientific vocabulary which is attractive to the

Notes on using Geometry materials

Geometry The experiences with Geometry are similar to other Sensorial Extensions, aiming to introduce children to different areas of the classroom.  The purpose of Geometry in the Children’s House is to allow the Absorbent Mind to gain Experiential and Sensorial exposure to each element and for this to be retained in the Mneme before the

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