Pouring using a Funnel

Material Description:

A small bottle, a funnel and a jug placed in this order onto a tray, and a drying cloth.  The jug should be filled three-quarters full with water.

Presentation:

  • Bring the tray to the chowki
  • Ask her to place the drying cloth in the corner of the tray
  • Place the bottle, funnel and jug from left to right on the tray, naming them.
  • Hold the bottle with the right hand
  • With the left pick up and turn the funnel so the spout points down
  • Move the left thumb and index finger so that you hold the top of the funnel inside the neck of the bottle
  • Take the jug with the right hand and pour.
  • Wait for the last drop to fall
  • Replace the empty jug
  • Pick the drying cloth up with the right hand and with the left remove the funnel and dab the spout of the funnel
  • Place the spout of the funnel on the tray and wipe the inside of the funnel
  • Put the funnel down
  • With the left hand pour the water back from the bottle into the jug, indicating with the right index finger that the bottle is over the centre of the jugs opening
  • Inspect the tray for any spilt water and wipe it with the drying cloth
  • Ask the child if she would like to continue

Points of Interest:

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  • Do not allow the funnel to knock into the heck of the bottle, place it in and out carefully
  • The funnel will drip water onto the tray, but you can reduce the amount by wiping it

Purpose:

  • Co-ordination of Movement
  • Independence
  • Concentration
  • Social Adaptation

Age at Presentation:

Two and a half years

Note:

Use a funnel to fill a measuring jug to acquire measuring and mathematical knowledge.

Pouring grains using three glasses

Material Description:

Have a plastic tray or one which has a base covered in an oil cloth.  On the tray there will be three to five glasses, cups or mugs and a jug kept at the right base corner.  The glasses are arranged diagonally from the left-base corner to the top-right corner, to give the most space and reduce the chance of an accident.  The whole set should be made of the same material.  In the Children’s House have three or four sets in different materials (e.g. brass, china, steel, glass, plastic or earthern-ware) for this activity.  The jug should contain enough grains to pour into each of the glasses.

Presentation:

  • Place the fingers inside the handle of the jug and the thumb on the top or outer edge of the handle
  • Carry it to the top right glass
  • Raise the jug slightly higher than the height of the glass
  • When the jug is above the centre of the glass indicate this by drawing a line in the air with the left index finger
  • Rotate the wrist and begin to pour
  • Stop when the glass is three-quarters full
  • Repeat the same movements until all the glasses are filled, moving from top right to base left
  • Return the jug to the base corner
  • Empty the glasses pouring the grain back into the jug, starting with the top right glass
  • Check to see if any grains have been spilt, collect them up and put them in the jug

Points of Interest:

  • After pouring from the glasses check to see if any grains remain
  • Centre the mouth of the jug over the glass
  • The jug should be held high enough
  • Do not overfill the glasses

Purpose:

  • Co-ordination of Movement
  • Independence
  • Concentration
  • Social Adaptation

Age at Presentation:

Two and a half years

Footnote:

To make the task easier it can be done with spoons, one large and three small bowls.  To make the more complex use more glasses, different size and shape glasses and smaller grains.

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