The Montessori approach to Literacy

A summary of the Montessori approach to teaching literacy (both writing and reading, a literature review of key aspects of the Montessori approach and recommendations for implementing these principles. Feel free to use, please simply link back to us or tell people about us.


The World of Plants (Botany) and The World of Animals (Biology and Chemistry) A plant is a living organism manufacturing its own food (autotrophic) while animals require carbon to be fixed by plants which they digest (heterotrophs). Traditionally plants are divided into ground cover or non flowering plants and seed producing and flowering plants. The

Using a Safety Pin

Material Description: A pin cushion, kept near the needlework activities on a separate tray with a selection of safely pins of different sizes and shape and a nappy pin (a safety pin with an additional guard. Presentation: To close Hold the bottom of the safely pin with the left hand as before Place the thumb’s

Cleaning Shoes

Material Description: A pair of child’s shoes.  In a basket or tray have a brush to remove dirt, a flannel 20cm2, marked with a shoe motif on one corner.  Have a piece of paper to cover the floor and an oil cloth.  Have multiple sets for groups of children who arrive together, each set should

Unfastening and Fastening large buttons

Material Description: The left flap overlaps the right one, the buttons are stitched on the right side, with long stems which will allow he button to be turned to a vertical position without pulling n the thread.  On the left hand flap button holes, horizontal slits, are slightly wider than the diameter of the button. 

Unfastening and Fastening of hooks and eyes

Material Description: The right flap overlaps the left one.  On the upper surface of the left flap metal eyes have been attached, stitched through their eyelets.  The hooks are fixed so that when the they are in the eyes there is a slight pull.  Have five to six sets of hooks and eye per frame.

Unfastening and fastening of laces

Material Description: The frame has two flaps nearly meeting and facing each other.  They should be made of leather or cloth with leather facing.  Both flaps have a series of holes with metal eyes.  The laces should be cylindrical, not flat, half the laces should be of a different colour, with the other and have

Pouring water into two jugs

Material Description: Have a plastic tray or one which has a base covered in an oil cloth.  On the tray there will be two jugs kept at different sides.  Both jugs should be made of the same material.  In the Children’s House have three or four sets in different materials (e.g. brass, china, steel, glass,

Pouring grains using three glasses

Material Description: Have a plastic tray or one which has a base covered in an oil cloth.  On the tray there will be three to five glasses, cups or mugs and a jug kept at the right base corner.  The glasses are arranged diagonally from the left-base corner to the top-right corner, to give the

Washing Cloths

Material Description: An apron, a large oil cloth, a working mat, a bucket, jug, cloths to wash in a laundry basket, washing powder in a container with a measuring spoon, two basins the same size for washing and rinsing, a small bowl to place the damp cloths, a drying cloth and a cloths line or

Phonemes and Graphemes Chart

Sand Paper Letter      Reading Folders        Example          Dictionary    Key Symbol        others ai ai brain ai (long vowel A) ay say ay ei vein ei a-e mate a-e ee ee see ee (long vowel E) ea read ea ie field ie y mummy y

Introducing Reading

Reading is an ability which develops during the Sensitive Period for Language, from prenatal hearing to the ‘Explosion into Reading’, around the age of five.  Reading is an extension of the development of Vocabulary, the child discovers how a known word looks in graphic form after she has become a fluent speaker and has benefited

Further Reading Activities

Reading Analysis Simple sentences Stage 1, Levels I to VI When the child can perform actions with sequential commands (Extensions to the Verb) the child is able to comprehend sentences which are not in the imperative mood (not just direct commands) Material Description: There are red circles and blank,black arrows and the adult’s tray.  Later

Additional Writing Supports

Writing Stages Strategies to help the child who is struggling to come to writing. Writing happens when the child is approximately four to four and a half years old.  By this time all the various indirect technical and intellectual preparations have matured and fused.  All that is needed to set off the child’s explosion into

Written Language

Introduction to Writing Writing is the graphic expression of spoken language, a spontaneous and explosive early developmental activity, if the necessary Indirect Preparations are made.  We write in response to our need to be understood by others – over time and space.  Mechanical Writing is a preparation for Creative Writing and Reading.  It is the

Oral Language

Enrichment of Vocabulary  Introduces oral activities while encouraging order, orientation, and therefore independence by ensuring the child knows the names of the objects in the environment, especially the names of things which sound or physically are similar.  Also use group games, teach verbs by giving the activities name, adjectives through sensorial activities and nouns when

Introduction to Language

Introduction to Language Language can be defined as, ‘a system of communication consisting of sounds, words and grammar, or the system of communication used by the people of a particular country or profession’ (Cambridge Online Dictionaries, Cambridge University Press, on 10th Nov 2011 at Language is a set of abstract symbols which the group,

Introduction to Mathematics

“The abstract science of number, quantity, and space, either as abstract concepts (pure mathematics), or as applied to other disciplines such as physics and engineering (applied mathematics)” Oxford Dictionary of English 3rd Edition, OUP, 2010 Mathematics makes it possible to observe, consider and appreciate parts and aspects of entities with precision, to make comparisons and establish

Group 1: Numbers 1 to 10

Arithmetic of Variables (Group 1) The Number Rods, Sand Paper Cyphers and Number Rods and Cards form the first half of the Maths Materials for Group 1, in which the ‘Addition of Variables’ takes place The Number Rods The Number Rods are similar to the Red Rods, only here they are rendered countable by blue

Group 2: Decimal System

The Decimal System (Group Two) The decimal system is a numeral system which organises and classifies numerical quantities into different hierarchies of units.  In the Casa it is offered when the child can count to ten with complete understanding; with the knowledge of the symbols 1-9 and can recognise zero.  The child is given the

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