Biology Introduction

Biology focuses on the plants and animals which form part of the environment in which the over six child lives and continues to develop through experiences they have in it, when they interact with plants and animals. Montessori, in Childhood to Adolescence, says “The World is acquired psychologically by means of the imagination, reality is

Introduction to Language

Discoveries made by children about their language Casa They discover a great deal of vocabulary through the ‘enrichment of vocabulary’ That they can make their thoughts, feelings and ideas visible to others with the Sand Paper Letters and Moveable Alphabets They can find out what other people are thinking with the use of the symbols

Introduction to History

History is the account of the gradual dawning of human consciousness, it is mainly unknown to us, taking place in pre-history. On a cosmic level it is the history of all the living and non-living aspects of our world, and at a personal level we have the ability to reflect on our experiences, our understandings

Geometry Introduction

Why teach Elementary children about Geometry? The origins of geometry are useful; to help children make connections between geometry and history understanding geometry helps us to understand the child’s development; children of the first plane are not interested in the why, but in the practical, material application, absorbing the forms and shapes around them in a

Introduction to Geography

For  Montessori the focus in Geography  is on the interconnectedness of human beings and life.  In the second plane Geography is approached by presenting the whole universe, and in doing so inflaming the imagination and answering the questions of the reasoning mind.  Wonder and curiosity are encouraged in response to creation, the forces of creation

The Story of Communication through Signs

Setting the Scene; Remember how we talked about the creation of the Earth?  And how the plants came, and frog with it’s voice, and the insects, the animals and at last, when the Earth was ready for them the Humans came.  Then we had another story about the Coming of Humans, the story of the

The Story of Geometry

Material Description: No material is needed Method: ‘This is really a story about how geometry got it’s name.  We know from studies about the Egyptians that their lives centred around a very important river, the River Nile.  Egypt has been called the ‘gift of the Nile’ and ‘the Mother of Geometry’.  Century after century, year

Story of the God With No Hands

The Story of Creation – the first Great Story Just like now, people in the past used to wonder where things came from.  They would be sitting outside, listening to all the sounds, the calling of the birds, the crashing of the waves, the whisper of the wind through the grass and they would wonder where

The Needs of the Plants

The child explores basic Botanical facts, through the following experiments.  The Needs of Plants opens up this Botany work with three experiments The Needs of Seeds/Plants (small group presentation to a group of four children) Material Description: Four shallow dishes, cotton wool, some quick sprouting seeds (cress/mustard), watering can with a rose attachment, paper, pencil

The Coming of Life – Second Cosmic Story

Setting the Scene; Do you remember that we said that a very, very long time ago there was absolutely nothing at all, just immense chaos and darkness, and then, into this measureless void of cold and darkness a vast, fiery cloud which included all the stars came into being. The whole universe was in that

The Development of Written Symbols

Story Remember the Greek Alphabet, the story of the Ox and the House and how it all came down to us, eventually we were given the Sandpaper letters.  When I told you the story I said that some people wrote on the barks of trees, some wrote on clay, others wrote on stone, some people

The Black Strip

 Story Do you remember that we said that a very, very long time ago there was absolutely nothing at all, just immense chaos and darkness?  That continued for a very long time, then something happened. Unrolling the cloth relatively quickly Into this measureless void of cold and darkness a vast, fiery cloud which included all

The Leaf

Material Description: Chart B Method: This usually begins the work with the plant, it is an interesting beginning because this part of the plant makes the food.  You may begin by looking at plants and talking about it and it’s needs.  At the 6-9 level we focus on the sun as the sole source of

Examining the Nature of the Elements

Notes: This is a series of experiments given after the ‘God with no Hands’ parallel to ‘Features of the Earth’ and ‘The Sun and the Earth’,to help build the child’s imagination to see that which is not readily experienced.  We show the results and effects of phenomena which shape physical geography, e.g. erosion.  We want

Congruency, Similarity and Equivalence

Small metal insets Material Description: There are 9 square metal insets.  Base is white, inset is red, border is green. Complete square (one used with both sets) 8 Divided squares Squares divided into triangles Square divided along 1 diagonal result is 2 right-angled isosceles triangles, each of which is half the whole square Square divided

The Story of the Families leading to the English Language

Story “Remember how we looked at how much time passed before human beings came to Earth and how they arrived when everything was ready.   We think that humans spoke to each other from the beginning wonder what did they think about and what did they talk about.  Perhaps they talked about the food they

The Story of the Coming of Human Beings – Third Great Stor

 Setting the Scene (allowing for the children to contribute) Do you remember the Story about how once there was nothingness, just a really huge, dark, empty space and how into that space there came a fiery cloud, a bright spark of energy and how all of the universe was in it?  Do you remember how

The Root

Experiment 1A – roots seek water Material Description: Large rectangular transparent dish, silver/river/washed sand, seeds (peas soaked for 24 hours) 2 markers, one labeled seeds, the other water, a pebble, watering can Method: Fill the dish 1/2 to 3/4 full of sand Plant eight seeds in a furrow at one end of the dish and

Features of the Earth

Basic Composition of the Earth (early work) Material Description: Chart 6A, experiments as necessary. Method: Quote directly from the ‘Story of the God with No Hands, ‘The particles calmed down and joined with each other, forming new substances, the heavier ones went nearer to the heart of the Earth, while the lighter ones floated above


Concept and Language (Types of Angles) Material Description: For the oral introduction a length of cord with a mark for the angle. The Box of Sticks:  This is a box which is divided and contains a collection of: Wooden sticks Plastic Arcs Pins and Tacks of different colours Nails Paper Fasteners Plumb Line Plane is

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